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Hydraulic Toe Lift Jack – A Short History

Hydraulic toe lift jack systems have become an integral part of businesses across a variety of industries. While it is easy to think that these jacks are a relatively new development, the reality is that hydraulic jack have a long history that dates back as far as the 19th century.

To be exact, it was in 1851 that Edinburgh-born inventor Richard Dudgeon, a mechanic, first invented the hydraulic jack. He was also responsible for inventing the steam carriage too. It was in the form of a ‘portable’ jack which was very much superior to the screw jacks of the time. Over time, hydraulic jacks started to become appreciated for their power and their value in a shop work setting. They would even be used to lift elevators within smaller buildings. This hydraulic lifting equipment works by using an incompressible liquid, forced into a cylinder via a pump plunger. Often this liquid is oil as it has the properties of being both stable and self-lubricating. After the plunger is pulled back, it draws from the pool of oil and takes some of it into the cylinder via a suction check valve. Then when it’s pushed forward, the oil is pushed into the cylinder via a discharge check valve. The discharge valve ball is outside the chamber and opens when oil drips into the cylinder; whereas the suction valve ball is within the chamber and opens after draw of the plunger pump. When pushed forward, the suction ball is forced shut – which means that the oil pressure builds in the cylinder – thus allowing for the heavy lifting we see today.

But you needn’t worry about the history or the specifics of hydraulic toe lift jack systems. At HTS Direct Limited, we’ve been producing our high-quality toe jacks across three decades – and we’re always building for the future. To find out more about our products and development, go to, give us a call on +44 (0)1785-816747 or email

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